Key Market and Economic Themes to Watch in Q2

May 1, 2018

Key Market and Economic Themes to Watch in Q2

Tim Courtney, Chief Investment Officer, CIMA®

April 2018


In the first quarter of 2018, we finally saw the long awaited correction1 in stock market prices. While the correction was not unexpected, it still caused unease among investors. In the end, it was a healthy move for the markets in which prices were tested and then rebounded2.

Economic growth, both globally and within the U.S., has continued to look solid3 despite the bumpy ride in markets in the first quarter. As we move into the second quarter, we’re watching for a few potential disrupters.


1.      Inflation/interest rates. Inflation has been a key player throughout the first quarter, linking itself to a hike in interest rates4, showing strengthening global demand and making many of the bond index returns negative5. The Federal Reserve’s target for inflation is 2 percent6, and inflation has been testing this level and popping above it periodically for a few months now7.


Inflation below 2 percent has been great for the stock market, encouraging a steady climb in valuations, but talk of rising wages sparked fears of accelerated inflation8. While rising inflation is not necessarily a bad thing, it can certainly cause waves throughout the economy after investors have been accustomed to lower rates. When the inflation rate is high (4 percent or higher), real stock market returns have historically been lower9. Also, buyers may start front-loading purchases, which can further spur inflation and put a strain on resources. We are expecting a more gradual increase in inflation10 and interest rates rather than a quick move higher, which would allow markets more time to adjust. We’ll be monitoring this.


2.      Undervalued assets. Last quarter, we discussed undervalued assets, which may have recently underperformed but historically have higher expected returns in the long run. Unfortunately, these assets have been disappointing so far in 2018. Our main focus in this category, U.S. small caps, have not moved much11 since the end of 2016. While it is not unusual for underperformance to persist for some time, we’re watching what environment small companies may find themselves in as global competitors become larger. We believe that we will be rewarded for investing in this area – much like we were for our international exposure last year and in emerging markets in the last two years12 – but we’re watching how prices are reacting to news.


3.      Volatility. Five years ago, bad news didn’t yield much reaction from the markets, because the markets were at lower prices12. Now that they are more expensive, any deviation from the expected script triggers concern – and with it, more volatility. When the markets were less expensive, investors expected bumps here and there. Now, they expect the numbers to come in line with expectations and if they don’t, money can flow fast as shown by February’s correction.


Additionally, an election year, the announcement of tariffs13 and a potential trade war14 have triggered even more uncertainty within the market.

The underlying fundamentals of the economy continue to appear firm, but we expect more volatility than we have grown accustomed to over the last few years because of changing inflation and interest rates and potentially surprising news.



1 cnbc.com/2018/02/08/the-stock-market-is-officially-in-a-correction–heres-what-usually-happens-next.html

2 finance.yahoo.com/quote/%5EGSPC?ltr=1

3 tradingeconomics.com/united-states/gdp-growth

4 tradingeconomics.com/united-states/interest-rate

5 news.morningstar.com/index/indexReturn.html

6 federalreserve.gov/faqs/economy_14400.htm

7 usinflationcalculator.com/inflation/current-inflation-rates/

8 marketwatch.com/story/inflation-fears-haunt-wall-street-again-but-investors-might-just-be-having-a-bad-dream-2018-02-10

9 investopedia.com/articles/investing/052913/inflations-impact-stock-returns.asp

10 reuters.com/article/us-usa-fed/fed-leaves-rates-unchanged-sees-inflation-rising-this-year-idUSKBN1FK0IQ

11 finance.yahoo.com/quote/%5ERUT/

12 markets.businessinsider.com/indices

13 usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2018/03/08/trump-planning-make-formal-tariff-announcement/406065002/

14 fortune.com/2018/03/02/donald-trump-steel-aluminum-tariffs/


PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT AN INDICATION OF FUTURE RETURNS. Information and opinions provided herein reflect the views of the author as of the publication date of this article. Such views and opinions are subject to change at any point and without notice. Some of the information provided herein was obtained from third-party sources believed to be reliable but such information is not guaranteed to be accurate. In addition, the links provided within are for convenience only and the provision of the links does not imply any sponsorship, endorsement, or approval of any of the content. We do not guarantee the content or its accuracy and completeness. The content is being provided for informational purposes only, and nothing within is, or is intended to constitute, investment, tax, or legal advice or a recommendation to buy or sell any types of securities or investments. The author has not taken into account the investment objectives, financial situation, or particular needs of any individual investor. Any forward-looking statements or forecasts are based on assumptions only, and actual results are expected to vary from any such statements or forecasts. No reliance should be placed on any such statements or forecasts when making any investment decision. Any assumptions and projections displayed are estimates, hypothetical in nature, and meant to serve solely as a guideline. No investment decision should be made based solely on any information provided herein and the author is not responsible for the consequences of any decisions or actions taken as a result of information provided in this publication. There is a risk of loss from an investment in securities, including the risk of total loss of principal, which an investor will need to be prepared to bear. Different types of investments involve varying degrees of risk, and there can be no assurance that any specific investment will be profitable or suitable for a particular investor’s financial situation or risk tolerance. Exencial Wealth Advisors, LLC (“EWA”) is an investment adviser registered with the Securities & Exchange Commission (SEC). However, such registration does not imply a certain level of skill or training and no inference to the contrary should be made. EWA may only transact business in those states in which it is registered, notice filed, or qualifies for an exemption or exclusion from registration or notice filing requirements. Complete information about our services and fees is contained in our Form ADV Part 2A (Disclosure Brochure), a copy of which can be obtained at www.adviserinfo.sec.gov or by calling us at 888-478-1971

subscribe for updates on new resources